is very enthusiastically celebrated for five continuous days and
each day has its significance with a number of myths, legends and
The First Day : Dhanteras
first day of Diwali is called Dhanvantari Triodasi or Dhanwantari
Triodasi also called Dhan Theras. It is the festival that marks
the beginning of the diwali celebrations and therefore it is considered
the first day of five days long festivities of diwali. Dhanteras
is celebrated to seek blessings of Goddess Laxmi, the goddess of
wealth. In the amalgamation of Dhan teras 'Dhan' means wealth. God
Yama is also worshiped on this day to provide prosperity and well
The Second Day : Narak Chaudas or Chhoti Diwali
Second Day is called Narak-Chaturdashi or more popularly as Chotti
Diwali which falls on the 14th day of the month of Kartik. This
festival is observed to commemorate the victory of Lord Krishna
over the demon king, Narkasur. This day is also celebrated as the
birthday of Hanumanji or Hanuman jayanti. Also, on this day Hanumanji
reached Ayodhya to deliver the long-awaited message of Lord Rama’s
return. Just like diwali people light diyas on chhoti diwali to
fill their homes with light, worship Goddess Laxmi and offer prayers
to Her and they also burst firecrackers but all these things are
not as grand as they are on the day of main diwali .
The Third Day : Diwali or Deepavali
Third Day of this festival of Diwali is the most important day of
Lakshmi Puja which is entirely devoted to the propotiation of Goddess
Lakshmi.On this dark new moon night, the entrances to all homes
are lit up and decorated with rangoli patterns to welcome Lakshmi,
the radiant consort of Vishnu and the goddess of wealth and lustre.
is the last day of financial year in traditional Hindu business
and businessmen perform Chopda Pujan on this day on the new books
of accounts. Diwali is the festival when the new business year begins
it is said that Diwali is the "Time to shop or start new ventures".
Fourth Day : Padwa or Varshapratipada
fourth day of diwali celebrations is 'Padwa' or 'Varshapratipada'.
In the North India Govardhan Puja is performed with great zeal and
enthusiasm. On this day, Goverdhan Pooja is performed. This day
is also observed as Annakoot and prayers are offered in the temples.
The day after the Lakshmi Puja, most families celebrate the new
year by dressing in new clothes, wearing jewellery and visiting
family members and business colleagues to give them sweets, dry
fruits and gifts.
The Fifth Day : Bhai Dooj
Duj or Bhai Dooj is the festival that is celebrated on the fifth
day of diwali and it falls on second day after diwali that is on
'Shukla Paksha Dwitiya' in the Hindi month of 'Kartik'.Bhai Dooj
is observed as a symbol of love and affection between brothers and
sisters. Bhai Dooj is the festival that marks the end of diwali