Short Description Of Gods, Goddesses And Ritual Objects

Gods and Goddesses of Buddhism and Hinduism

Adibuddha is the original Buddha who is without beginning and without end. He is said to be infinite, self created and revealing himself in the form of a blue flame coming out of a lotus. In Nepal, Swayambhu is worshipped as Adibuddha.
Amitabha is the most ancient Buddhas among the Dhyani Buddhas. He said to reside in the Sukhabati heaven in peaceful meditation. He is of red colour originating from the red syllable HRIH. He represents cosmic element of Sanjna (name). His vehicle is peacock. He exhibits Samadhi Mudra with his two palms folded face up one on top of the other lying on his lap. He has a lotus as his sign. When represented on the stupa, he always faces the west. He is worshipped thinking that one can have salvation. Sometimes holding a Patra on the same posture. His female is Pandara. Amitabha denotes "Boundless lights" or Incomprehensible.
Amoghshiddhi is the fifth Dhyani Buddha in order. His left hand lies open on the lap and the right exhibits the Abhaya mudra. He represents cosmic element of Samskar (Conformation). He is of green colour and his recognition symbol is the viswa vajra or the double thunderbolt. He always faces the North. He is the embodiment of the rainy season. Sometimes a serpent with seven heads forms the background as an umbrella. In front of his shrines, therefore, is found a small square pit which is meant for the snake. His vehicle is garud.
Amoghpasa Lokeswar is also a form of Avalokiteswar. He is four-faced and eight - armed and stands on a lotus. He carries in his four right hands the Vajra, the sword, the goad and the bow, while the four left carry the Ghanta, the Trindandi, the noose and an arrow.

Akshobhya is next importance among the Dhyani Buddhas. He is regarded as the second Dhyani Buddha by the Nepalese Buddhists. Akshobhya originates from the blue syllable Hum. He is two-armed and one-faced and exhibits the Bhusparsa (earth touching) mudra which means calling the earth for witness, and sits in the Vajraparyanka pose. He represents the primordal cosmic element of Vijnana (consciousness). When represented in the Stupa, he always faces the east. His left hand rests on the lap, while the right rest on the right knee with the tip of the middle fingers touching the ground with palm drawn inwardly.

His vehicle is a pair of elephant and his recognition symbols is the vajra or the thunderbolt. His female is Locana.


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