MUKHA (Rttual Crown)
The crown worn by Buddhist priests of Vajrayana during the religious
performances is known as Mukha (ritual crown). Invariably, the crown
bears images of four of the five Dhyani Buddha to establish cosmic
principle. The Dhyani Buddhas represented here are Vairochana, Akshyovya,
Ratna Sambhaba, and Amitabha. The fifth member Amoghashiddhi is not
shown physically but is symbolized by the thunderbolt at the top of
Poorna Kalash is a water vase which is full of all characteristics
of goodness As it is full of all goodness it is treated as an auspicious
object for all human beings. When the religious ceremonies are held
Poorna Kalash is kept at the centre surrounded by eight vessel. In
Poorna Kalash, there will be the signs of eight auspicious symbols.
SUKUNDA (Oil lamp)
Sukunda is an oil lamp with combination of lamp and oil container.
It is made of metal in artistic design. Oil was stored in the main
section of the large pot and burnt in the bowl beside the neck with
the aid of a wick. The filling of oil was done by a metal spoon
known as Sumicha. Sukunda is the most important object for every
religious and social performances. There must be the inscription
of Ganesh in it, whose presence is always needed for the performances
as the God of bestower of success.
GHAU (Prayer Box)
Ghau is a portable shrine in which an image of the owner's personal
deity (Ishta Devata) is kept wrapped in silk cloth. Most Tibetans
used Ghau at home and during travelling. At home, it is kept on an
alter. But when travelling it is fastened at the cross belt. Generally,
Ghau has a trefoil shapes top and a window in the middle through which
one can see the personal deity. Ghau is made of two parts which fit
together to form a box. The back is usually left plain and the front
is richly decorated.
Water is perhaps the most important both in Hindu and Buddhist ritual
and is always present on the alter in a costly pot or in some other
container. The pot whose shape is just like a flat shape jar with
a pipe to bring out the water from the pot and which is richly decorated
with precious stones and metals is known as Bhumba.