was born at the close of the 15th century and lived upto the beginning
of the 17th century.
It was a bad
period for the Hindus. They had lost their freedom and had to
struggle hard to maintain their unity. All their scriptures were
in Sanskrit; so many people found them difficult to understand.
As the Hindus had no freedom, it was difficult for them even to
attempt to expound the ideas of their religion. Women and also
some groups among the Hindus did not have equality.
of affairs made gifted and liberal-minded poets unhappy.
Sri Ramananda was a disciple of Sri Ramanujacharya, the founder
of the Srivaishnava faith. He and his disciples lived in North
India. He opened the doors of 'Bhakti' (devotion) to all and brought
hope into the lives of the masses.
It was at
this time that Sri Ramananda spread the cult of Rama Bhakti by
preaching that Rama is the protector of all people. Saint Kabirdas
extolled the greatness of 'Rama - the formless God' saying that
Ram and Rahim were not different. Thus he tried to bring about
unity among the Hindus and the Muslims.
set before the people the image of Sri Rama as all virtuous, all
powerful, the Lord of the World, and the very embodiment of the
Supreme Reality (Parabrahma). He gave them the light of 'Bhakti'
and thus dispelled the darkness of fear from their minds. Sri
Rama shone as an ideal man and the protector.
regarding the exact date and place of birth of Sri Tulasidas.
The majority of scholars hold that Sri Tulasidas was born in Rajapur
of Uttar Pradesh in the year 1544 of the Vikrama Era (that is,
1488 A. D.). Some scholars say that he was born in 1532 A. D.
Others mention different other dates also.