Yoga as a spiritual discipline is contained in the Vedas and the
Upanishads. It is not a mere physical or mental exercise. (A yoga
disciple strives to overcome avidya and attain vidya or pure consciousness.)
Yoga has two preliminary ethical aspects: Yama (self-restraint)
and niyama (Observance). Yama include forbearance from violence,
false- hood, theft, Incontinence and greed; niyama includes purity,
contentment, acceptance, austerity, discipline, study by oneself
and of yoga doctrine and abandonment or rendering oneself open to
It is important to understand that certain asanas and concentration
upon specific chakras or meditation produce energies that often
the sadhaka (disciple) is unable to control. He might find that
all that is weak, impure or discordant is strengthened, making him
over individualistic. He might find himself in the paradoxical situation
of seeking peace and supersensible bliss, and evading it instead
with a surplus of energy that he can neither understand nor direct.
He may enter into a state of profound conflict.
On the one hand, he aspires towards the divine; on the other, he
does not follow the ethics required for his purpose. The clash of
energies can have unforeseeable consequences.
The practice of yoga, like being a priest, a doctor, an engineer
or craftsman, requires being qualified. One must have
specific qualifications, certain attitudes. Otherwise, there will
be false yogis like false doctors and priests.
To practise. yoga, five factors are fundamental:
I. Aspiration towards the divine.
2. Avocation for one of the yoga types.
3. Knowledge of the yoga philosophical vision.
4. Psychological consciential qualification.
5. Practice of the yoga ethics.
Instrument of Realisation:
Patanjali in his Yoga Sutras states cause of bondage is the between
the seer-sow and the of generation. Plato, the Greek philosopher,
also says that the soul, by entering into generation and by identifying
with it has forgotten its pristine nature. Dialectics is the the
instrument of realisation.
Yoga must not be taken as a mere physical or mental exercise used
to that the attain simple psychological comfort, union when life
has reached a level of seen world pathological stress.