Chauth Puja ProcessThe fast of Karwa Chauth is kept 9 days before
Diwali. It falls on the fourth day of the Kartik month by the Hindu
calendar (fourth day of the waning moon or the dark fortnight).
Karwa Chauth is considered one of the most important fasts
observed by the married Hindu women. On this day the women pray
for the welfare and long life of their husbands. The festival is
followed mainly in the northern parts of the country.
Married women eat food early in the morning, before sunrise. They
are not supposed to eat or even drink water during the day. In the
evening the ladies listen to the Karwa Chauth Katha (the legend).
The fast is over after the moonrise.
The Puja Process
The pooja preparations start a day in advance. Married
women buy the shringar or the traditional adornments and the other
pooja items like the karwa, matthi, heena etc.
Early in the morning they prepare food and have it before sunrise.
The morning passes by in other festive activities like decorating
hand and feet with heena, decorating the pooja thali and meeting
friends and relatives.
the late afternoon women gather at a common place like temple or
a garden or someones' place who has arranged the pooja. An elderly
lady or the pujarin narrates the legend of Karwa Chouth.
essentials of this gathering and listening of the Karwa chauth story
, a special mud pot, that is considered a symbol of lord Ganesha,
a metal urn filled with water, flowers, idols of Ambika Gaur Mata,
Goddess Parwati and some fruits, mathi and food grains. A part of
this is offered to the deities and the storyteller.
an idol of Gaur Mata was made using earth and cowdung. Now just
an idol of Goddess Parwati is kept. Every one lights an earthen
lamp in their thalis while listening to the Karwa story. Sindoor,
incense sticks and rice are also kept in the thali.
this time the women wear heavy saris or chunries in red , pink or
other bridal colors, and adorn themselves with all other symbols
of a married women like, nose pin, tika, bindi, chonp, bangles,
the moon rises, the women see its reflection in a thali of water,
or through a dupatta or a sieve. They offer water to the moon and
seek blessings. They pray for the safety, prosperity and long life
of their husbands. This marks the end of the day long fast.