Significance of Karva Chauth
festival of Karva Chauth has an extraordinary observance rate among
married Hindu women in Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat.
On this day married women keep a fast for the well being and long
life of their husbands. The various way of celebrating Karva Chauth
vary from each other on regional basis.
Pradesh: In the plains of Uttar Pradesh, women decorate
the walls of their home with drawings of Gauri Ma, the moon and
the sun. The evening puja is performed with earthen lamps and the
Karva is made of mud. Before looking at the moon, the women pray
to the figurines at their doorstep.
Punjab: Karva Chauth is one of the most popular festival among the women
of Punjab. When the days are near for Karva Chauth celebrations,
the market here is decorated with bangles, beautiful sarees, embroidered
suits, stalls of sweets and eatables, a number of artistes have
come to the city from Jaipur, Agra and Delhi with their special
mehndis to decorate hands of women. In some parts of Punjab, young
damsels too keep the fast in the hope of winning a loving husband.
: In Rajasthan, the women make the karvas with mud and
fill them with rice and wheat. Most women wear their wedding-day
chunris on this occasion. In Gujarat too, many women observe this
fast. In Maharashtra, the fast for husband is observed on the full
moon day of the month of Jyeshtha which usually falls in May or
early June. This is called Vata Purnima. Interestingly, the woman
who observes this fast is not only blessed with welfare of her husband
but also wins the same husband for the next seven births.
States : In Gujarat also many women observe this fast.
In Madhya Pradesh most of them follow the traditions of the women
from Uttar Pradesh. In all these states the first 'Karva Chauth'
of any new bride is a very important festival. New clothes, new
jewelery and gifts from both mother and mother-in-law are received.
The wedding day outfits are worn once again, mehndi is applied and
the family gathers to celebrate it with them. There are many similar
stories associated with this festival in different parts of India.
In Maharashtra this particular fast is not very popular but a similar
one called 'Vaat Savitri' is kept by married women.