Pushkar is a small, mellow town with no vehicle traffic on
the main street. There are over 400 temples in Pushkar. Some
of the important temples are dedicated to Brahma, Raghunath,
Varaha, Savitri, and Gayatri. It is famous for the Camel Fair,
which takes place here in Oct/Nov. Alcohol and meat are supposed
to be banned here. Pushkar is on the edge of the Rajasthan desert,
ten km northwest of Ajmer, 400 km southwest of Ajmer, 400 km
southwest of Delhi, and 145 km southwest of Jaipur.
It is said that Lord Brahma's lotus flower fell in three separate
places in the Pushkar area, and water came from the ground at
each place. They are located within a radius of six miles. Senior
Pushkar, where the hotels are located, is considered the most
holy place, because the lotus fell here first. Middle Pushkar
is 3 km down the road and has a small Hanuman temple and a 200-year-old
banyan tree. New (Junior) Pushkar, 3 km further north, has a
small Krishna temple. As Brahma threw the pushpa (flower) with
his kar (hand), so the place received the name Pushkar.
It is said that while Lord Brahma was passing this spot he
dropped a lotus flower. From the spots where the petals fell,
water sprang out and lakes were formed. There is a rectangular
lake here surrounded by temples. According to the Padma Purana,
Brahma, the lord of creation, killed a demon with a lotus flower
here. He dropped the lotus at this place to kill the demon.
Petals fell in three spots, where lakes emerged.
Brahma wanted to perform a yajna on the full moon day in Kartika
(Oct/Nov). Lord Brahma, the creator, was in search of a suitable
place to perform the yajna. The lotus from his hand fell down,
rebounded, and fell at three places, from where water sprang.
Thus Brahma decided to perform the yajna at Pushkar (push-lotus;
kar-hand). But the yajna could not take place without his wife,
Savitri, by his side, and she was late. Brahma therefore for
him, so that he could fulfil the religious obligations. So the
priest manifested a daughter called Gayatri. Because she was
an untouchable, to purify her, she was put into the mouth of
a cow and removed from the other end, which totally purified
her. When Savitri arrived, she saw Brahma married without her
permission. So she cursed Brahma that he would only be worshiped
Enraged, Savitri went and established a temple at Rathkagir,
on top of the hill a little south of Pushkar. It is said to
be due to Savitri's resentment that Brahma is mainly only worshiped
Location: 11-km From Ajmer, Rajasthan
Tourist Attractions 25 Bathing Ghats, Cattle Fair
Significance Houses The Only Brahma Temple In India.
Best Time To Visit Mid-October To Mid-March.
How to reach there
Air: The closest airport is 131 km away in
Train: The nearest railway station, in Ajmer
(10 km), has trains to Jaipur, Delhi, Udaipur, and Ahmedabad.
From Ahmedabad you can get a train to Bombay or Dwarka. You
can have a travel agent in Pushkar arrange your train a day
or two in advance for a Rs. 30 charge, rather than going to
Ajmer yourself. The best way to get to Delhi is to catch an
overnight train from Ajmer. It is much better than taking an
overnight bus, but it takes a little advance planning.
Bus: There are two bus stands in Pushkar-the
Marwar bus stand, in the north of town by the post office, which
services some long distance places, and the Ajmer bus stand,
east of town by the Pushkar Hotel, which has buses to Ajmer
and Jaipur. There are regular buses from Pushkar to Ajmer. The
buses from Ajmer to Pushkar depart every hour from 6 am to 10
pm from near the Ajmer railway station.Pilgrimages Attractions
A beautiful and one of the most important temples in Pushkar.
This temple is the only temple dedicated to Brahma in India.
Brahma, the Hindu god of creation, is four-headed facing in
all four directions, symbolizing his presence everywhere. A
four-armed life-sized statue of Brahma is enshrined inside the
temple. Another interesting attraction are the coins studded
in the floor of the temple, placed by devotees from all over
India to commemorate the births and deaths of their loved ones.
This temple was built in the 19th century and is well-known
for its white marble image of Mahadeva with five faces. Also
praiseworthy is the structure and the incredible ornaments with
which the statue is adorned.
In 1920, this temple was built with great taste and delicacy,
and is also one of the largest temples in Pushkar. A team of
masons from south India were specially called to build the outer
gopuram (arch) over the entrance. Another stone gopuram bears
beautiful sculpted images of not less than 360 different deities
Being built in the 12th century, the Varah Temple was one of
the many temples destroyed by Emperor Aurangzeb. It is said
that he particularly detested the life-size image of Varah,
the god with the head of a wild boar and the body of a man.
Later in 1727, Raja Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur reconstructed
it. The temple has elegant carvings and sculptures, besides
the richly ornamented image house.
It is situated on the hill behind the Brahma Temple, and a
long series of steps has to be climbed to reach it. It gives
a beautiful panoramic view of the Pushkar lake, and the surrounding
sand dune villages. According to a legend, while Brahma was
performing a sacred ritual his wife Savitri was not present.
Since the presence was essential for the ritual, Brahma hastily
married a local maiden, Gayatri. When Savitri heard about this,
she flew into a rage and cursed Bramha that he would not be
worshipped anywhere accept Pushkar.
There are two Raghunath temples in Pushkar-the old and the
new one. The Deities in the New Raghunath Temple are Vaikunthanath
and Laksmi. The Deities in the Old Raghunath Temple, build in1823,
are Venugopal, Narasimha, and Laksmi.
Nag (Yajna) Hill - A Unique Attraction
It is said to be one of the oldest hills in the world. Its
height is said to have been ten crores yojanas in Satya-yuga,
ten lakhs yojanas in Treta-yuga, and ten thousand yojanas in
Dwapura-yuga. In Kali-yuga its height is decreasing day by day
because it is sinking into the earth. By the end of Kali Yuga
it will almost disappear. It is said that if you visit this
hill on your pilgrimages to Pushkar you will not have any interference
On this hill is Nag Kund. The story of this hill is that Rishi
Chyavan cursed Vatu, the grandson of Brahma, to become a snake
on the second day of the sacrifice performed by Brahma. Vatu
was cursed because at the sacrifice he released a snake that
coiled around Bhrigu Muni, the father of Rishi Chyavan. After
vatu begged for forgiveness, Brahma blessed him to live near
this natural kund (lake) on Nag Hill. Vatu did austerities here.
People who worship here on the 5th day in Krishna Paksha of
Sravana (July/Aug) are said to get their desires fulfilled.
Agastya Muni's residence is said to be a cave on Nag Hill. It
is about 2 km from Senior Pushkar. You cross Nag Hill to go
from Ajmer to Pushkar.