Rameshwaram is an island situated in the gulf of manner at
the very tip of the Indian peninsula and is a very important
pilgrim centre of the Hindus. Rameshwaram is the place from
where Lord Rama, built a bridge across the sea to rescue his
consort Sita, from her abductor, Ravana. This is also the place
where Rama worshipped Lord Shiva to cleanse away the sin of
killing Ravana. Both the Vaishnavites and Shaivites visit this
pilgrimage which is known as the Varanasi the south.
Rameshwaram is significant for the Hindus as a pilgrimage to
Benaras is incomplete without a Pilgrimage to Rameshwaram. The
presiding deity is the Linga Of Sri Ranganatha, which happens
to be one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of India. Rameshwaram is
also popularly referred to as the 'Benaras of the south'. In
order to attain Moksha it is believed that the visit to Rameshwaram
The religious island is spread in an area of 61.8 square kilometers
and happens to be in the shape of a conch. The Ramanatha Swamy
Temple occupies major area of Rameshwaram. The masterpiece of
Dravidian architecture boasts of the largest temple corridor
in India. Different rulers built the Ramanatha Swamy Temple
over a period of time starting from the 12th century. The temple
comprises of twenty-two wells where the taste of the water of
each well is different from the other.
According to the Hindu mythology i.e. the story of Ramayana
Lord Rama performed thanksgiving rituals to Lord Rama after
the battle at Sri Lanka and his triumph over the demon king
Ravana. Owing to this Rameshwaram attracts Vaishnavites (worshippers
of Lord Vishnu) and Saivites (worshippers of Lord Shiva) alike.
Sri Lanka is at a distance of 24 kilometers from Rameshwaram.
In fact the entire area of Rameshwaram is associated with various
incidents from the Ramayana. Rameshwaram happens to one of the
most visited pilgrim sites in India.
Location Island Of Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu
Deity Worshipped Linga Of Sri Ranganatha
Famous Tradition A Pilgrimage To Kashi Is Not Considered Complete
Without A Pilgrimage To Rameshwaram
Significance Access One Of The 12 Jyotirlingas Of India
The nearest airport is Madurai, 173 kms away.
Rameswaram has rail connections with all major cities like Chennai,
Madurai, Coimbatore, Trichy and Tanjavur.
Connected with all the important towns of Tamil Nadu, buses
and taxis ply regularly.
The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation also operates
buses to Rameswaram.
Pilgrimage Attaractions of Rameshwaram
Ramnathswamy temple was built in the 17th century. Situated
close to the sea on the eastern side of the island, this temple
is famous for its 1200 gigantic granite columns. The 54 metre
tall gopuram (gate-tower), 1220 metres of magnificent corridors
and the flamboyant columns embellish and render fame to the
temple. The water in each of the 22 sacred wells in the temple
100 metres away from the temple is Agniteertham, where Rama
worshipped Lord Shiva, to absolve himself from the killing Ravana.
The imprint of Lord Rama's feet placed on a Chakra (wheel)
is found in this shrine, which is at the highest point on the
island at 2 km from Rameswaram.
Dhanushkodi named after Rama's bow, is at the eastern end
of the island at a distance of 8 kms from Rameshwaram. The boulders
around the sea between Srilanka and this place known as Adam's
bridge, and are believed to be used by Hanuman to reach across
Dhhanushkodi was completely destroyed by the cyclones of 1964.
Kothandaramaswamy temple is the only salvage of the cyclone.
Idols of Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, Hanuman and Vibhishana (brother
of Ravana), surrendered to Rama, here.
An important site for Muslim pilgrims, Erwadi houses the tomb
of Ibrahim Sahid Aulia. At a distance of 24 kilometers from
Rameshwaram is Erwadi. Muslims from across the globe visit Erwadi
especially during the month of December to participate in the
annual festival celebrated as a tribute to the saint.
This ancient town is the district headquarters. The Ram Vilas
Palace of the Sethupati Rajas is a must visit place. The oil
portraits of the Rajas of the past centuries and the articulately
designed ceilings and walls embellished with eighteenth century
murals, the subjects of which vary from business. Meetings with
the English to battles with the Marathas, make this place more
Outside the island, there are three other sites traditionally
connected with Sri Rama's expedition to Sri Lanka. A big temple
in Tiruppullani commemorates the tradition that there the Lord
obtained a bow and arrows to use in the impending war from its
presiding Deity and also that the Lord of the Ocean who had
refused to help Him finally submitted.
16-km southwest of Ramanathapuram stands the renowed Shiva
temple of Uttarakosamangai. Manikkavachagar has sung of it.
The Lord is Mangaleshvara and the Goddess Mangalesvari. The
temple has inspired many Tamil works of devotion. So, of course,
has the Ramanatha temple in Rameshwaram.
5-km south of the temple is Sethu, where there is a celebrated
temple of Sri Anjaneya, and where, tradition holds, Sri Rama
built a bridge to Sri Lanka. In Devipatnam, or Navapashanam,
also by the sea, there are nine stones visible at low tide.
It is believed that they were set up by Sri Rama to represent
the nine planets, the Navagrahas