Religio-Cultural Emissaries From Indian

Introduction of Ganesa Beyond The Indian Frontiers
Introduction of Religio-Cultural Emissaries From India

Introduction of Religio-Cultural Emissaries From India


Although Indian Buddhist missionaries reached China in about A.D. 65, yet the texts themselves had reached there much earlier, perhaps in the second century B.C. through the Yeuh-Chi rulers. Dharmaraksha and Kasyapa Matanga, the pioneers in China, translated the Buddhist texts into Chinese in the first century A.D. and thus paved the way for others to follow. There was an onrush of Indian Buddhists into China between the third and sixth centuries A.D.9 Some of those who went to China for the propagation of the tenets of the Enlightened are: Gautama-sangha, Punyatrata, Dharmayasas, Yasa, Kumaravijaya, Vimalaksa, Buddhajiva, Dharmaksema from madhyadesa, Upasunya and Paramartha from Ujjain, Gunavarman from Kashmir, Bodhidharma, Jnanabhadra, Jinayasas and Yasogupta from Bengal and Kamarupa (Assam), Buddhabhadra and Vimoksasena from Swat, Jivagupta of Gandhara, Dharmagupta of Lata, Prabhakaramitra, Bodhiruci, Sudhakarasirhha Vajrabodhi, Amoghavajra and Dharmadeva. Among these Gautamasailgha, Bodhiruci, Amoghavajra and Dharmadeva translated Buddhist texts into the Chinese. Amoghavajra alone took with him five hundred texts out of which he translated seventy-seven. But the greatest and the last translator and who died in China itself was Dharmadeva. Buddhajiva who had accompanied the Chinese traveller Fa-hien. Sudhakarasimha and Amoghavajra are to be remembered for the introduction into China a form of mystic Buddhism.


After his conversion to Buddhism, Asoka undertook a pilgrimage to Lumbini, the birth place of the Buddha and in this he was guided by Upagupta. The king's daughter, Carumati, who later on married Devapala of Nepal, also accompanied him