Hatha Yoga uses the body and the physical functions as instruments
perfection and realisation. It is based on the principle that the
vital mechanism is sustained by two currents of energy: one is positive-ha;
the other negative--tha.
A New Energy-balance:
These are the two powers, the solar and the lunar, ida and pingala,
which when balanced render the vital-complex harmonious. The energy
balance that nature gives is insufficient. Hatha Yoga establishes
a new balance that permits the growing dynamic flow of vital energy
(prana) which is unlimited.
Every individual absorbs by means of particular pranic centres,
a quantity of energy according to his capacity. It is as if he is
equipped with a receiving and transmitting magnet, which has a threshold.
It is like the body cells that are able to tolerate a certain voltage
of electricity beyond which the cells die. Hatha Yoga helps us to
receive a higher' flow of pranic
energy of greater intensity than is otherwise possible.
Hatha Yoga is a psychophysical discipline based on two hugely efficacious
instruments: The Asanas and Pranayanma.
The Asanas favour particular energy flows; they also render the
body immobile by means of 'control' and 'power'. The power of physical
immobility is as Important as the power of immobility or suspension
of the vrittis (thoughts modification) in Raja Yoga. Immobility
is nor only physical but also requires mental passivity. In this
state the consciousness is more open and attentive and less dispersive.
Whosoever is master of his own thoughts uses up only about one third
of the prana energy that is usually employed by an individual who
does not control his mind.
Stabilise Pranic Energy:
The waste of pranic energy in everyday living is enormous. T his
energy can be utilised to overcome illness, inability to stabilise
the flow of pranic energy, inbalance between ingoing and outgoing
currents, ete. A stabilisation of the flow of pranic energy brings
about a balance between ingoing and outgoing currents. When the
energy state becomes precarious and leads to deterioration, control
of breathing can help to restore balance.
The pranayama (control of breathing) concerns the mastery over
the vital forces; in fact, breathing is connected with pranic energy
According to Hatha Yoga, pranayama plays a double role: First, it
harmonises pranic input and output, gives greater vitality to cell
tissues and strengthens the physique to transcend natural caprices;
second, it favours the awakening of Kundalini, revealing to the
aspirant unusual and extraordinary fields of consciousness. It may
bestow extraordinary psychic powers or siddhis, but these do not
give liberation or realisation and may enslave.