The Essence and Purpose of Yoga:
The Initiatory Pathways to the Transcendent
Awareness of God can come
knowledge) control of breath, and devotion.
The mind of man seeks the unknown because the
present consciousness is incomplete, conflictual. If we look at
the actions of man we can see that he
has always been motivated by the acquisition of material, sensorial
things. Even when the ego achieves possession it is still unhappy.
What is, therefore, the happiness that can make us complete? The
task, therefore, is to seek the constant, the absolute, by using
discrimination, to understand that the sensorial world is a conflictual
The gratification of the senses is characterised
by a cyclic ebb and flow, so that even when the ego- being achieves
possession it is still unhappy. Avidya works within the world of
the relative, the phenomenal, whereas vidya is directed towards
the eternally valid. Vidya represents the initiatory tradition of
both cast and west, and contains two phases of teaching: Apara,
lower or non-supreme knowledge and para, higher or supreme knowledge.
To the first phase (apara) belong the teachings
which lead one to Brahman with attributes, or Saguna Brahman To
the second phase belongs pure metaphysical teaching which leads
to the metaphysical absolute, the Nirguna Brahman, the one without